Exercise 2


Exercise 2

If you haven’t done so already, read the post ‘Hidden Premises’ before doing this exercise.
Be sure to check the answer key and notes after answering each question before attempting the next one.

Suggest a significant hidden assumption in the following arguments:

a.
If it rains we will get wet. If it snows we will get cold. Thus, we will either get wet or cold.
Your answer:
________________________________________________________
(Now check the answer key and read the notes.)

b.
Every event has a cause. Human actions are events. Therefore, every human action is determined by past events.
Your answer:
________________________________________________________
(Now check the answer key and read the notes.)

c.

All you need to produce Artificial Intelligence is to discover the particular type of computational processes that lead to consciousness.
Your answer:
________________________________________________________
(Now check the answer key and read the notes.)

d.
Human behaviour is determined by genetics not social conditioning. Clearly, if the authorities brought in a rule banning growing hair, we would all be imprisoned. Likewise, a ban on ‘being hungry’ or ‘being thirsty’ would be unenforceable. Social conditioning cannot override our genetic inheritance.
Your answer:
________________________________________________________
(Now check the answer key and read the notes.)

e.
Many people argue that testing drugs on animals is cruel. In some cases this is true. However, it would be much crueler to test new drugs on people or children or to let people die because there was not enough research on a new drug.
Your answer:
________________________________________________________
(Now check the answer key and read the notes.)

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